In 2020, renewable energy sources (RES) made up 37% of gross electricity consumption in the EU, up from 34% in 2019, according to data released by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Cyprus is rather low in the list of EU member states, with only 12% of its gross electricity consumption coming from renewable energy sources in 2020.
However that share has increased from 10% in 2019 and from 9% in 2018.
The share was only marginally above 0% when Cyprus entered the EU in 2004. The share passed above the 1% mark in 2010 and has been steadily increasing since, to 3% in 2011, 5% in 2012, almost 7% in 2013 and 2014, 8% in 2015 and around 9% between 2016 and 2018.
Among the EU Member States, more than 70% of electricity consumed in 2020 was generated from renewable sources in Austria (78%) and Sweden (75%). The generation of electricity from renewable sources was also high and accounted for more than half of the electricity consumed in Denmark (65%), Portugal (58%), Croatia and Latvia (both 53%).
At the other end of the scale, the share of electricity from renewable sources was 15% or less in Malta (10%), Hungary and Cyprus (both 12%), Luxembourg (14%) and Czechia (15%).
Wind and hydropower accounted for over two-thirds of the total electricity generated from renewable sources (36% and 33%, respectively). The remaining one-third of electricity came from solar power (14%), solid biofuels (8%) and other renewable sources (8%).
Solar power is the fastest-growing source: in 2008, it only accounted for 1% of the electricity consumed in the EU.
Source: Cyprus Mail