Country Information

Government & Politics

The geostrategic location of Cyprus at the crossroads of three continents, and its friendly diplomatic relations with regional neighbours and beyond, have helped establish the island as an international business centre and key player in the East Med.

The Republic of Cyprus is a unitary presidential representative republic, where the President of Cyprus is both head of state and head of government, and executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament, and the judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

The eighth president of the Republic of Cyprus, Nikos Christodoulides, was elected for a five-year term on 12 February 2023. The former diplomat and foreign minister won in a runoff election taking 51.9% of the vote. Christodoulides ran as an independent with the backing of centrist and right-of-centre parties which traditionally take a hard line on solving the long-running division of Cyprus. His campaign focused on unity, a vision to reunite the island nation and end the Turkish occupation by creating better conditions to restart the dialogue to find a solution.

Constitution, Institutions and Administration

The 1960 constitution provided for power sharing between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities. Votes on important issues required separate parliamentary majorities, and the Greek Cypriot president and the Turkish Cypriot vice president both had the right of veto on important decisions. The system of government is presidential, with the separation of powers between the executive and the legislature. Presidential elections are held every five years, with the next presidential election due in February 2028. Ministers, who are appointed by the president, cannot hold seats in the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives is elected by proportional representation. Its normal term is five years.

 

Council of Ministers

• President of the Republic of Cyprus – Nikos Christodoulides

• Minister of Foreign Affairs – Constantinos Kombos

• Minister of Finance – Makis Keravnos

• Minister of Interior – Konstantinos Ioannou

• Minister of Defence – Vasilis Palmas

• Minister of Health – Michalis Damianos 

• Minister of Education, Sport and Youth – Athina Michaelidou

• Minister of Transport, Communications and Works – Alexis Vafeades

• Minister of Energy, Commerce and Industry – Giorgos Papanastasiou

• Minister of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment – Maria Panayiotou 

• Minister of Labour and Social Insurance – Yiannis Panayiotou

• Minister of Justice and Public Order – Marios Hartsiotis 

• Government Spokesman – Konstantinos Letymbiotis

• Deputy Minister to the President  – Irene Piki 

• Deputy Minister of Shipping – Marina Hadjimanolis

• Deputy Minister of Tourism – Kostas Koumis

• Deputy Minister for European Affairs – Marilena Raouna 

• Deputy Minister of Research, Innovation and Digital Policy – Nicodemos Damianou

• Deputy Minister of Social Welfare – Marilena Evangelou

• Deputy Minister of Culture – Vasiliki Kassianidou


Political Parties 

Dominant Political Parties:

• Democratic Rally (DISY), a centre-right party

• Progressive Party of the Working People (AKEL), a left-wing party

• Democratic Party (DIKO), a centre-right party

Smaller Political Parties:

• Movement of Social Democracy (EDEK), a social democratic party

• Ecologists Movement, also known as the Cyprus Green Party

• National People’s Front (ELAM), an ultranationalist party


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January 2024

Cooperation Partners
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