Country Information

Cyprus at a Glance

Key facts and figures about the country, geography, people, government and economy plus 2021 public holidays.


Official Name:  Republic of Cyprus
Capital: Nicosia (Lefkosia)
European Union: Member since 1st May 2004
National Holiday:  1st October – Independence Day
Time: +2 hours GMT (three hours ahead in Summer)
Measures:  Metric system


Location:  Cyprus is located in the extreme northeast corner of the Mediterranean, at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. The island lies 71 km south of Turkey, 105 km west of Syria, and some 800 km east of Greece.
Coordinates: 35°N and 33°E
Structure:  The third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia), Cyprus measures 240 km latitudinally and 100 km longitudinally. The island has a central plain with mountains to the north and south and scattered plains along the southern coast. Cyprus has 648 km of coastline.
Area:  9,251 sq km (3,355 sq km are in the occupied area).
Climate:  Mediterranean climate, with long, warm, dry summers from May to October and mild winters with occasional rain, lasting from December to February.
Sunshine: 340 days of sunshine/year
Annual Rainfall: 790.1mm Average
Average summer temperature: 34°C
Average winter temparature: 13°C
All year round mean temperature: 23°C


Population: 864,236 (Republic of Cyprus)
Population Density: 126.6 (persons per km2)

Population by District:
Capital: Nicosia (Lefkosia)
Limassol (Lemesos)
Larnaca (Larnaka)
Paphos (Pafos)
Famagusta (Ammochostos)47,000

Nationality: Cypriot
Descendants: Greek Cypriots trace their origins to the descendants of the Achaean Greeks and later the Mycenaean Greeks. Turkish Cypriots are descendants of the Ottoman settlers.
Religions:  Greek Orthodox 89.1%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Protestant/Anglican 2.0%, Muslim 1.8%, Unknown/Atheist 1.7%, Other 1.4%, Buddhist 1.0%.
Ethnic Composition: Greek Cypriot Community 71.8%, Turkish Cypriot Community 9.5%, Foreign Residents 18.7% (data refers to the whole island, end of 2011).
Languages:  Greek (official), Turkish (official), English is widely spoken and used in business
Literacy:  97.6%
Median Age: 37.2 years
Life Expectancy: 80.9 years
Population Growth:  0.2%
Crime: 0.90 per 100 persons. Cyprus is the safest country in the world for young peopleout of 184 countries across the globe. World Health Organisation (WHO) 2017
International membership: European Union, Eurozone, United Nations, Council of Europe, Commonwealth, World Bank and International Monetary Fund
Main media: Cyprus Mail, Phileletheros, Politis, CyBC


Form of State: Presidential Republic
Head of State: Nicos Anastasiades
Suffrage:  Universal, 18 years
National Legislature: Based on adult suffrage. Government elected every five years
Elections: Last held February 2018. Held every five years
Legal System: The Cypriot legal system is based on English common law, with civil modifications
Juridical Branch: The Supreme Court of the Republic, The Assize Courts, and District Courts

Economic Overview

Total GDP at Market Prices: €20.7 billion 

GDP per Capita: 23,846.8 

GDP Growth: 

3.9% (2018) 

GDP by Sector: 

Services 87% 

Industry 11% 

Agriculture 2% 

Inflation: 1.2% (May 2019) 

Economic Sectors: Tourism, financial services, real estate, shipping, industry 

Currency: euro 

Main Trading Partners: Greece, UK, Germany, Italy, Israel, France, China 

Trade: euro 

Fiscal Year: Calendar year 

Corporate Tax Rate: 12.5% 

Time to start up a business: 1-3 days 

Accounting Standard: IFRS 

Sovereign Ratings:  

BBB- Standard & Poor’s (September 2020)

BBB- Fitch (March 2021)

Ba2 Moody’s (September 2020)


8.2% (June 2018) 

6.9% (April 2019)

International Rankings

26th for access to quality healthservices. Healthcare Access and Quality Index (HAQ) (out of 195 countries 

29th Global Innovation Index 2018. INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (out of 126countries) 

44th Open Markets Index 2017.International Chamber of Commerce (out of 75 countries) 

44th Economic Freedom Index 2019Heritage Foundation (out of 180 countries) 

57th in World Bank’s 2019 DoingBusiness Report(out of 190 economies) 

49th in World Happiness Report (out of 156 countries)

Public Holidays

2021 Public Holidays
New Year's Day
Green Monday / Shrove Monday
Greek Independence Day
Greek Cypriot National Day (EOKA)
30AprilGreek Orthodox Good Friday
1MayLabour Day
3MayGreek Orthodox Easter Monday
21JunePentecost (Kataklysmos)
Assumption of the Virgin Mary
Cyprus Independence Day
Greek National Day (Ochi Day)
26DecemberBoxing Day / 2nd Day of Christmas

Updated December 2020

Cooperation Partners
  • Logo for Cyprus Investment Funds Association
  • Logo for Cyprus Chamber of Commerce and Industry
  • Logo for Cyprus In Your Heart
  • Logo for Cyprus International Businesses Association
  • Logo for Cyprus Shipping Chamber
  • Logo for CYFA Cyprus
  • Logo for Ministry of Energy, Commerce, Industry and Tourism
  • Logo for Association of Cyprus Banks
  • Logo for Invest Cyprus