It said that in the EU in 2018, around 14,600 children died before reaching one year of age. This is equivalent to an infant mortality rate of 3.4 deaths per 1000 live births.
During the 10 years from 2008 to 2018, the infant mortality rate in the EU fell from 4.2 deaths per 1000 live births to 3.4 deaths per 1000 live births. Extending the analysis to the last 20 years, the infant mortality rate was almost halved (6.6 deaths per 1000 in 1998).
In Cyprus, the infant mortality in 2018 stood at 2.4 deaths per 1000 live births, down from 3.5 in 2008 and 7 in 1998. This means the country has gone to above the EU average of 6.6 per 1000 in 1998 to below the 2018 EU average of 3.4 deaths.
In 2018, the highest infant mortality rates in the EU were registered in Romania (6.0 deaths per 1000 live births), Bulgaria (5.8 deaths) and Malta (5.6 deaths), and the lowest in Estonia (1.6 deaths) and Slovenia (1.7 deaths).