This also means a lot more work for the supervisor. In an interview with the press, CySEC Chairwoman Demetra Kalogerou explains the organisation’s aims and it focus on protecting investors.
CySEC now supervises over 550 entities: 210 Cyprus Investment Funds (CIFs), 155 Administrative Service Providers (ASPs), 89 issuers on the Cyprus Stock Exchange, 11 issuers on other regulated markets, 32 Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs), 11 AIF Managers, 4 Cypriot Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities (UCITS), 39 foreign UCITS and 1 UCITS management company.
“These numbers are expected to increase further,” said Kalogerou, as there are currently another 145 applications in the pipeline. UCITS are generally for ordinary retail investors, while AIFs “target sophisticated and institutional investors and make alternative investments, such as real estate, shipping, minerals etc,” Kalogerou explained.
Alternative for finance
The CySEC Chairwoman is a strong believer in the future of the Cyprus fund industry as an alternative for financing.
“A comprehensive legal framework for collective investments along with other advantages of the Cyprus economy have created new opportunities and potential for Cyprus’ emerging funds industry,” she said.
“Collective investments and especially UCITS can constitute a major alternative source of financing and capital from Cyprus and abroad, especially in times where the banking system is unable to finance the economy.”
Kalogerou vowed that CySEC “will press ahead with its aspiration to establish Cyprus as a regional fund jurisdiction”.
Becoming a regional hub also means a lot of work to shake off a bad reputation acquired in the 1990s that still hung over Cyprus in the run-up to the financial crisis in 2013. To this end, CySEC has turned its attention, among other things, to binary options trading.
“The increasing proliferation of these products observed in previous years led CySEC, following consultation with the European Commission, to classify financial binary options as a Financial Instrument under MiFID,” she said, referring to the EU’s Markets in Financial Instruments Directive. Binary options traders (some of which feature prominently in CySEC’s fines) can now only be offered by licensed entities.
CySEC “in effect granted heightened protection to investors choosing to invest in this product,” Kalegerou said.
CySEC imposed fines amounting to €8.3 million in 2014 and since August 2015 has imposed €2.4 million on CIFs as part of the new Risk Based Supervision Framework (RBSF), designed and built by CySEC.
“Through the use of RBSF, CySEC aims to substantially improve its supervisory practice by focusing on entities and areas that pose the major risks and/or have the biggest impact,” said Kalogerou. It is also heavily focused on responding requests from other regulators.
“CySEC takes its duty to respond to other regulators’ requests extremely seriously and maintains a commitment to ensuring the MiFID passporting regime is one of the safest regulatory environments in which to do business,” said Kalogerou.